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Be aware : main risk factor for COPD is smoking.

Be aware : main risk factor for COPD is smoking.

Every year
on this day 20th November, World COPD Day is celebrated all
over the world. According to a document of NHLBI (National Heart, Lung, and
Blood Institute; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services.) COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a
progressive disease that makes it hard to breathe. Progressive means the
disease gets worse over time.

The main
risk factor for COPD is smoking.

Up to 75
percent of people who have COPD smoke or used to smoke. People who have a
family history of COPD are more likely to develop the disease if they smoke.

Long-term
exposure to other lung irritants also is a risk factor for COPD.

Examples of
other lung irritants include air pollution, chemical fumes and dusts from the
environment or workplace, and secondhand smoke, which is smoke in the air from
other people smoking.

Most
people who have COPD are at least 40 years old when symptoms begin.

Although
uncommon, people younger than 40 can have COPD. This may occur, for example, if
a person has a predisposing health issue, such as the genetic condition known
as alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.

(Note – This news is not a medical consultation
in any case. You can not make any decision based on this news story. Do not
become a doctor yourself, consult a qualified doctor.)

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Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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