Mahatma Gandhi

The 150th birth anniversary of MK
falls on October 2, 2019. He was described as Father of the
Nation by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in his address
on the Singapore Radio on July 6, 1944 and since then this title became an
integral part of his identity. There is no doubt that democratic-secular India
which came into being on August 15, 1947 was the outcome of mainly Gandhi’s


But it may change sooner
rather than later. During PM Modi’s September 2019 visit to the US, the
latter’s President Trump while heaping unprecedented praise on his close friend
Modi declared him to be ‘Father of India’. Modi and his followers did relish
this epithet as there was no attempt by PM or his government to correct Trump
that India already had one ‘Father’ and a Nation with two ‘Fathers’ would be an
abnormality. On the contrary, a senior minister in the Modi’s cabinet, Jitender
Singh known for his proximity to Modi publically defended Trump for describing
his patron as ‘Father of India’.

According to a recent post of renowned
historian and political analyst, Ramchandra
Guha on October 2 “RSS pracharaks from the prime minister
downwards line up to pay tribute to a man the RSS vilified in his lifetime, and
for whom—in spite of all their posturings in public— they still have deep
reservations, since he lived (and died) in the belief that India was not a Hindu
country but belonged equally to people of all faiths.”


The RSS and its
swayamsevaks (pracharaks)who rule India today do not have deep
reservations about Gandhi but deep hatred towards him. This hatred is the continuation
of the legacy founded by KB Hedgewar and MS Golwalkar.  The RSS leadership has been putting forward the justification of
Gandhi’s killing by forwarding the argument that it was an emotional reaction
from the Hindu youth to Gandhi’s support to the Partition of India and
insistence on paying Rs. 55 crores due to Pakistan. It is a blatant lie for two
reasons. Firstly, Out of the Congress top leadership it was Sardar Patel who
was the first leader to succumb to the proposal of Partition. Gandhi was the
last to fall in line. Moreover, the Muslim League specially MA Jinnah
continuously denigrated Gandhi as a father of Hindu nation.

Secondly, there are ample documentary
proofs to show that the assassination of Gandhiji was a culmination of decades
of spreading poison against Gandhi amongst the Hindutva cadres. We need to know
the fact that Beginning with the year
1934 over a period of 14 years, as many as six attempts were made to kill
Gandhiji. The last one by Godse on January 30, 1948 was successful. The
remaining five were made in 1934, in the months of July and September 1944,
September 1946 and January 20, 1948. Godse was involved in two previous
attempts. When the unsuccessful attempts of 1934, 1944 and 1946 were made, the
proposal regarding Partition and the release of Rs 55 crore to Pakistan were
not in existence at all.

The reality is that the murder of Gandhi
was the outcome of a ferocious challenge from the Hindutva organizations like
RSS and Hindu Mahasabha to Gandhi’s idea of an all-inclusive India. Gandhi
despite being a devout Hindu fought for an independent India which would
accommodate people of different religions, cultures with equal rights. On the
contrary, the RSS wanted India to be an exclusive Hindu nation where minorities
specially Muslims and Christians, declared to be the followers of foreign
religions, would be cleansed as Hitler and Mussolini did in case of Jews.
Interestingly, they were not also willing to accord the indigenous religions
like Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism status of independent religions. For
Hindutva ideologues these religions were part of Hinduism.

Gandhi became an enemy also for the reason
that he vehemently opposed the demand of the RSS and Hindu Mahasabha that Manusmriti
which decreed sub-human status to Sudras and Hindu women should be adopted
as the constitution of India. Gandhi stood in support of a democratic-secular

How stubborn the opponents of Gandhi’s idea
of an all-inclusive India were could be seen in an editorial in the English RSS
organ Organizer just on the eve Independence (14 August, 1947). The
editorial titled ‘Whither’ wrote:

“Let us no longer allow ourselves to be
influenced by false notions of nationhood. Much of the mental confusion and the
present and future troubles can be removed by the ready recognition of the
simple fact that in Hindusthan only the Hindus form the nation and the national
structure must be built on that safe and sound foundation…the nation itself
must be built up of Hindus, on Hindu traditions, culture, ideas and

It was this hatred for a democratic-secular
India that Gandhi who unambiguously guarded this idea became the natural victim
of the Hindutva cadres.


Those who are looking for the ‘real’ murderers
of Gandhi while expressing love for Sardar Patel, the first home minister of
India forget what he said about the Hindutva killers belonging both to RSS and
Hindu Mahasabha. Writing almost six months after the murder when killers were
identified, Sardar in a letter (July 18, 1948) to the prominent leader of the
Hindu Mahasabha, Syama Prasad Mookerjee wrote:

“As regards the RSS and the Hindu Mahasabha, the case relating to
Gandhiji’s murder is sub judice and I should not like to say anything about the
participation of the two organizations, but our reports do confirm that, as a
result of the activities of these two bodies, particularly the former, an
atmosphere was created in the country in which such a ghastly tragedy became

By September 1948 Sardar was clear about
the role of RSS in this killing which he without mincing words communicated to
Golwalkar, the then chief of RSS. In a letter dated September 19, 1948 Sardar

“The RSS men expressed joy and distributed
sweets after Gandhiji’s death. Under these conditions it became
inevitable for the Government to take action against the RSS”.

With the ascendency of Hindutva politics
under the RSS/BJP leadership different Hindutva organizations have been
celebrating the ‘vadh’ (it is killing of demon part of a Brahmanical ritual) of
Gandhi with great pomp and show. Temples glorifying Godse have been built up
where Godse is worshipped. This is not being done by only some fringe
organizations. Within few months of Modi becoming PM of India a senior RSS/BJP
leader who is also a member of the current Indian Parliament, Sakshi demanded
recognition of Godse as a ‘patriot’ like Gandhi which he was forced to withdraw
after world-wide condemnation. In 2019 elections so called Sadhvi Pragya Thakur
who apart from being an accused in bomb blasts against Muslims in different
parts of the country declares her love for Godse publically, got elected on BJP
ticket from Bhopal. 


If someone believes that the denigration of Gandhi and celebrations of his ‘vadh’ takes place without the concurrence of RSS/BJP top leadership, one is grossly mistaken. A prominent Hindutva organization, Hindu Janajagruti Samiti (HJS), allied to RSS has been regularly holding national conventions for “Establishment of Hindu Nation‟in India. In 2013 one such convention was held in Goa. It is to be noted that members of one avtar of HJS, Sanatan Sanstha have been found indulging in bomb blasts at Muslim institutions and are under investigation for the murder of renowned secular intellectuals like MM Kalburgi, Govind Pansare, Narendra Achyut Dabholkar and Gauri Lankesh. This convention started its proceedings with a felicitation message from the then CM of Gujarat, Narendra Bhai Modi wishing HJS all success in its project of turning India into a Hindu Nation.

Shamsul Islam
Shamsul Islam

from the same dais in this convention from where Modi’s felicitation message
was read, one of the prominent speakers, K.V. Sitaramiah, declared that Gandhi
was ‘terrible, wicked and most sinful’.
Rejoicing the killing of M.K. Gandhi, he went on to declare, “As Bhagwan Shri Krishna said in the Gita,
Paritranaya Sadhunam Vinashaya Cha Dushkritam/ Dharamasansthapnaya Sambhavami
Yuge-Yuge (For the protection of the good, for the destruction of the wicked
and for the establishment of righteousness, I am born in every age) On…30th
January 1948 evening, Shriram came in the form of Nathuram Godse and ended the
life of Gandhi.”

Sitaramiah has also authored a book titled ‘Gandhi was Dharma Drohi and Desa Drohi’ in which quoting from the
epic Mahabharata, demands ‘Dharma
Drohis must be killed’ and “Not killing the deserved to be killed is great


The latest is that Vicky Mittal, BJP IT-Cell Indore
in-charge demanded that in order to decide who is more popular in India,
whether Gandhi or Godse, the pistol of Godse with which he killed Gandhi should
be put on auction. He seemed to be sure that Godse, the killer of Gandhi would
win hands down!

This IT-Cell in-charge truly represents Hindutva
gang’s love for killers of Gandhi and hatred for the latter.

Shamsul Islam

OCTOBER 2, 2019

ताजा समाचार/आलेख

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