Demolition of Democratic Secular Indian Constitution is Old Project of Hindutva Gang

Shamsul Islam
{Dr. Shamsul Islam, Political Science professor at Delhi University (retired).}

Demolition of Democratic Secular Indian Constitution is Old Project of Hindutva Gang

70th Constitution Day of India

Many
well-meaning liberal and secular political analysts are highly perturbed by the
brazen sectarian policy decisions of RSS/BJP rulers led by PM Modi specially
after starting his second inning. They are vocal in red-flagging the policies
of Modi government on Kashmir, national citizens registry (NRC), murder of
constitutional norms in Goa, Karnataka and now in Maharashtra, lynching, Pragya
Thakur (first getting her elected to Lok Sabha and then nominating her to high
powered 21-MP House Panel on Defence) who is an accused Malegaon Blast case,
worships Godse, killer of MK Gandhi as hero and publically stated that it was
her curse due to which renowned decorated cop Hemant Karkare  was killed. Shockingly, Hemant was killed by
the Pakistani terrorists when former was confronting these heavily armed
terrorists on November 26, 2008.

 They are greatly mistaken. In fact, it is failure of such friends to understand the real anti-national character of the RSS that India has been taken to such an impasse; on the verge of losing its democratic-secular identity. The belief that RSS cadres gracing the constitutional posts would influence them to be secular or inspire them to get used to practice democratic norms is futile with this lot’s diehard commitment to the cause of Hindutva. The fast-forward demolition of the democratic-secular polity of India which is taking place is neither new nor unexpected. Modi as CM of Gujarat while talking to Reuters (July 12, 2013) had declared himself to be ‘a Hindu nationalist’, the RSS top brass declaring again and again that India is a land for Hindus and by 2020-21 it would be Hindu rashtra with Muslims and Christians cleansed from the land, Indian nationality tied to worshipping of cow and open declaration of the Cabinet ministers that western concepts like secularism would be replaced by the principles of Hindutva.

It
was less than one year after crowning of Modi as PM in 2014, one of the most
decorated police officers in Independent India Julio Ribeiro wrote in an
emotional piece,

“Today, in my 86th
year, I feel threatened, not wanted, reduced to a stranger in my own country… I
am not an Indian anymore, at least in the eyes of the proponents of the Hindu
Rashtra. Is it coincidence or a well-thought-out plan that the systematic
targeting of a small and peaceful community should begin only after the BJP
government of Narendra Modi came to power last May? ‘Ghar wapsi’, the
declaration of Christmas as ‘Good Governance Day’, the attack on Christian
churches and schools in Delhi, all added to a sense of siege that now afflicts
these peaceful people…It is tragic that these extremists have been emboldened
beyond permissible limits by an atmosphere of hate and distrust. The Christian
population, a mere 2 per cent of the total populace, has been subjected to a
series of well-directed body blows. If these extremists later turn their
attention to Muslims, which seems to be their goal, they will invite
consequences that this writer dreads to imagine.”

[
https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/i-feel-i-am-on-a-hit-list/
 ]

We should not
fail to understand that whatever is being done by the RSS/BJP rulers to destroy
the present Indian polity is part of a well-thought strategy to convert India
into a theocratic and totalitarian state as per the diktats of the Hindutva
idea of India. It has not been a hidden agenda of RSS except that we have been
foolishly unaware of it. When the Constituent Assembly of India had finalized
the Constitution of India RSS was not happy. Its organ, Organizer, 4 days after this historical event, in an editorial on
November 30, 1949, complained,

“But
in our constitution there is no mention of the unique constitutional
development in ancient Bharat. Manu’s Laws were written long before Lycurgus of
Sparta or Solon of Persia. To this day his laws as enunciated in the Manusmriti
excite the admiration of the world and elicit spontaneous obedience and
conformity. But to our constitutional pundits that means nothing.”

How
loyal the RSS is to the Constitution of India can be known by the following
statement of Golwalkar which is being reproduced from Bunch of Thought which is not only selection of the writings of
Golwalkar but also a Bible for the RSS cadres.

“Our
Constitution too is just a cumbersome and heterogeneous piecing together of
various articles from various Constitutions of Western countries. It has
absolutely nothing which can be called our own. Is there a single word of
reference in its guiding principles as to what our national mission is and what
our keynote in life is? No.”

[MS Golwalkar, Bunch of
Thoughts
, Sahitya Sindhu, Bangalore, 1996, p. 238.]

What kind of civilization the RSS wants to build by enforcing the
laws of Manu, can be known by having a glimpse of the laws prescribed by Manu
for the Dalits/Untouchables and women. Some of these dehumanizing and
degenerate laws, which are presented here, are self-explanatory.

LAWS OF MANU CONCERNING DALITS/UNTOUCHABLES.

  • For the sake of the prosperity of the
    worlds (the divine one) caused the Brahmana, the Kshatriya, the Vaisya, and the
    Sudra to proceed from his mouth, his arm, his thighs and his feet.
  • One occupation only the lord prescribed to
    the Sudras, to serve meekly even these (other) three castes.
  • Once-born man (a Sudra), who insults a
    twice-born man with gross invective, shall have his tongue cut out; for he is
    of low origin.
  • If he mentions the names and castes (jati)
    of the (twice-born) with contumely, an iron nail, ten fingers long, shall be
    thrust red-hot into his mouth.
  • If he arrogantly teaches Brahmanas their
    duty, the king shall cause hot oil to be poured into his mouth and into his ears.
  • With whatever limb a man of a low caste
    does hurt to (a man of the three) highest (castes), even that limb shall be cut
    off; that is the teaching of Manu.
  • He who raises his hand or a stick, shall
    have his hand cut off; he who in anger kicks with his foot, shall have his foot
    cut off.

(8) A low-caste man who tries to place himself on the same seat with
a man of a high caste, shall be branded on his hip and be banished, or (the
king) shall cause his buttock to be gashed.

LAWS OF MANU CONCRNING WOMEN

  1. Day and night woman must
    be kept in dependence by the males (of) their (families), and, if they attach themselves to sensual enjoyments, they must be

kept under
one’s control.

  • Her father protects (her) in childhood, her
    husband protects (her) in youth, and her sons protect (her) in old age; a woman
    is never fit for independence.
  • Women must particularly be guarded against
    evil inclinations, however trifling (they may appear); for, if they are not
    guarded, they will bring sorrow on two families.
  • No man can completely guard women by force;
    but they can be guarded by the employment of the (following) expedients:
  • Let the (husband) employ his (wife) in the
    collection and expenditure of his wealth, in keeping (everything) clean, in
    (the fulfilment of) religious duties, in the preparation of his food, and in
    looking after the household utensils.
  • Women do not care for beauty, nor is their
    attention fixed on age; (thinking), ‘(It is enough that) he is a man,’ they
    give themselves to the handsome and to the ugly.
  • Through their passion for men, through
    their mutable temper, through their natural heartlessness, they become disloyal
    towards their husbands, however carefully they may be guarded in this (world).

10.(When creating them) Manu allotted to women (a love of their)
bed, (of their) seat and (of) ornament, impure desires, wrath, dishonesty,
malice, and bad conduct.

It is to be noted here that a copy of Manusmriti was burnt as a protest in the presence of Dr. BR
Ambedkar himself during historic Mahad agitation on  December 20, 1927 and it was decided to
commemorate this day in future as ‘Manusmriti dahan divas’.

Against
Secularism

The RSS demands total
loyalty to the Indian Nation from minorities. It is another thing that it does
not feel it proper to be loyal to the constitutional-legal set up of this very
Nation. The study of Prarthana (prayer) and Pratigya (oath) as practiced in the
shakhas of the RSS is an example of how the Indian nationalism has been equated
with Hinduism, in the same way as the Muslim League had combined Islam with
nationality. Significantly, both Prarthana and Pratigya are in direct
contravention to the existence of an Indian Secular State which is an important
‘Basic’ feature of the Constitution of India. It is very important to note here
that those groups which have been decrying and opposing the Indian
constitutional set-up have been facing the might of the Indian state in the
form of bullets, gallows or jails but here is the RSS which openly rejects the
legitimacy of the constitutional system of the country still is allowed to have
a free run of the country.

Just imagine PM Modi and most of his ruler colleagues who took oath
to uphold the integrity of a democratic and secular India were also committed
to the task of creating a Hindu Rashtra as per the texts of the Prayer and Oath
as essential for the RSS cadres.

RSS Prayer:

“Affectionate
Motherland, I eternally bow to you/O Land of Hindus, you have reared me in comfort/O
Sacred Land, the Great Creator of Good, may this body of mine be dedicated to
you/I again and again bow before You/O God almighty, we the integral part of
the Hindu Rashtra salute you in reverence/For Your cause have we girded up our
loins/Give us Your Blessings for its accomplishment.”

[Shakha Darshikha, Gyan Ganga, Jaipur, 1997, p. 1.]

RSS Oath:

“Before
the all powerful God and my ancestors, I most solemnly take this oath, that I
become a member of the RSS in order to achieve all

round
greatness of Bharatvarsha by fostering the growth of my sacred Hindu religion,
Hindu society, and Hindu culture. I shall perform the work of the Sangh
honestly, disinterestedly, with my heart and soul, and I shall adhere to this
goal all my life. Bharat Mata Ki Jai.”

[Shakha Darshikha, Gyan Ganga, Jaipur, 1997, p.  66.]

Thus they were not faithful to the Indian Nation as it existed as a
legal entity but wanted to subvert it into a theocratic state like Muslim
League which created Pakistan in the name of Islam.

Against Democracy

The RSS contrary to the principles of democracy has been constantly
demanding India to be ruled under a totalitarian regime. Golwalkar while
delivering a speech before the 1350 top level cadres of the RSS in 1940 declared,

RSS inspired by one flag,
one leader and one ideology is lighting the flame of Hindutva in each and every
corner of this great land.

[MS
Golwalkar, Shri Guruji Samagar Darshan (collected
works of Golwalkar in Hindi), Bhartiya Vichar Sadhna, Nagpur, nd., vol. I, p.
11.]

This slogan of one flag, one leader and one ideology has directly
been borrowed from the programmes of Nazi and Fascist parties of Europe.

Against Federalism

The RSS is also dead against federal structure of the constitution,
again a ‘Basic’ feature of the India polity. This is clear from the following
communication of Golwalkar which he sent to the first session of the National
Integration Council in 1961. It read,

Today’s federal form of government not only gives
birth but also nourishes the feelings of separatism, in a way refuses to
recognize the fact of one nation and destroys it. It must be completely
uprooted, constitution purified and unitary form of government be established.

[MS
Golwalkar, Shri Guruji Samagar Darshan (collected
works of Golwalkar in Hindi), Bhartiya Vichar Sadhna, Nagpur, nd., vol. III, p.
128.]

These have not been some stray ideas of the RSS ideologue on Indian
Federalism. The Bible of the RSS, Bunch
of Thoughts
, has an exclusive chapter titled, ‘Wanted a unitary state.’
While presenting his remedy to the federal set-up of India he writes,

The most important and effective step will be to bury deep for good all talk of a federal structure of our country’s Constitution, to sweep away the existence of all ‘autonomous’ or semi-autonomous ‘states’ within the one state viz., Bharat and proclaim ‘One Country, One State, One Legislature, One Executive’ with no trace of fragmentational, regional, sectarian, linguistic or other types of pride being given a scope for playing havoc with our integrated harmony. Let the Constitution be re-examined and re-drafted, so as to establish this Unitary form of Government and thus effectively disprove the mischievous propaganda indulged in by the British and so unwittingly imbibed by the present leaders, about our being just a juxtaposition of so many distinct ‘ethnic groups’ or ‘nationalities’ happening to live side by side and grouped together by the accident of geographical contiguity and one uniform supreme foreign domination.

[MS
Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts, Sahitya
Sindhu, Bangalore, 1996, p. 227.]

Thus RSS
represents the most lethal danger to the existence of democratic-secular Indian
Constitution handed over to the nation by the Constituent Assembly on November
26, 2019. If our Constitution is to be saved the anti-national RSS and its
ideology must be confronted in Parliament, judicial rooms, corridors of
administration, educational institutions and outside. We should not overlook
the fact that with RSS around India does not need any foreign enemy to undo
democratic-secular India, the former has to be thoroughly exposed and defeated.

Shamsul Islam

Constitution Day of India

November 26, 2019.

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