Hindi is not the people’s language
By Justice Markandey Katju
Hindi is an artificially created language, and is not the people’s language. The common man’s language ( in large parts of India ) is Hindustani ( also called khadiboli ).
What is the difference between Hindustani and Hindi ?
To give an example, in Hindustani we say ‘Udhar dekhiye‘, while in Hindi we say ‘Udhar avalokan keejiye‘, or ‘Udhar drishtipast keejiye‘.
The common man would never say ‘Udhar avalokan keejiye‘ or ‘Udhar drishtipaat keejiye‘, and it is often difficult to read books written in ‘klisht’ Hindi.
Thus Hindi was created artificially (by British agents like Bhartendu Harishchandra) by hatefully removing Persian or Arabic words which were in common usage in Hindustani and replacing them by Sanskrit words which were not in common use, e.g. ‘munasib’ or ‘wajib’ was replaced by ‘uchit’, ‘zila’ by ‘janpad’, ‘itraaz’ by ‘aapatti’, ‘ehtiyaat’ by ‘saavdhani’, etc.
Hindi was created in furtherance of the British divide and rule policy, depicting Hindi as the language of Hindus and Urdu of Muslims ( when the truth was that the common man’s language was, and still is, Hindustani or Khadiboli, while Urdu was the language of the educated class, whether Hindu, Muslim or Sikh upto 1947 in large parts of India ).
It is a mistake to think that a language becomes weaker if it adopts words from another language and makes it of common usage.
In fact, it becomes stronger. Thus, English became stronger by adopting words from French, German, Arabic, Hindustani, etc, and Tamil became stronger by adopting words from Sanskrit. So also, Hindustani became stronger by adopting Persian and Arabic words.
The bigots who tried to remove these words and create an artificial language did great disservice to the nation, and only served the divide and rule policy of dividing Hindus and Muslims.