Narendra Modi paid tribute to right wing idealist Veer Savarkar on his 133th birth anniversary
Narendra Modi paid tribute to right wing idealist Veer Savarkar on his 133th birth anniversary

Bharat Ratna To Veer Savarkar Demand By BJP ?

The Hindu Mahasabha under the presidentship
of VD Savarkar shamelessly aligned with the British masters to crush the Quit
India Movement in 1942. The ‘Responsive Cooperation’ with the British masters
was not only a theoretical commitment. It soon got concretized in the ganging
up of Hindu Mahasabha with the Muslim League too. When all political
organizations including Congress were banned only the Hindu Mahasabha and
Muslim League were allowed to function. And it was during this period that Hindu
Mahasabha led by Hindutva ‘Veer’ Savarkar ran coalition governments with the Muslim
League. Savarkar defended this nexus in his presidential speech to the Kanpur session
of Hindu Mahasabha, in the following words:

practical politics also the Mahasabha knows that we must advance through
reasonable compromises. Witness the fact that only recently in Sind, the
Sind-Hindu-Sabha on invitation had taken the responsibility of joining hands
with the League itself in running coalition Government. The case of Bengal is well
known. Wild Leaguers whom even the Congress with all its submissive-ness could
not placate grew quite reasonably compromising and socialable as soon as they
came in contact with the HM and the Coalition Government, under the premiership
of Mr. Fazlul Huq and the able lead of our esteemed Mahasabha leader Dr Syama
Prasad Mookerji, functioned successfully for a year or so to the benefit of
both the communities.”

[V. D. Savarkar, Samagra Savarkar Wangmaya: Hindu
Rashtra Darshan
, vol. 6, Maharashtra Prantik Hindusabha, Poona, 1963, pp. 479-480.]

Does Savarkar deserve the Bharat Ratna?

As explained by Savarkar in the Muslim
League Bengal ministry, the second-in-command of the Mahasabha, Dr Syama Prasad
Mukherjee was Deputy to the Muslim League head of the ministry. Mukherjee also
held portfolio of suppressing of the Quit India Movement. Hindu Mahasabha and
Muslim League beside Bengal and Sind ran coalition government in NWFP also
during this period. It is to be noted that Savarkar had joined hands with the
League when Congress opposed any dealing with the Muslim League. Dhananjay Keer
in his biography of Savarkar which is hailed as the most authentic one by the
fans of Savarkar admits that Savarkar had advised the Hindu leaders in the
Muslim majority provinces to join ministries formed by the Muslim League. In
fact, both had been working in tandem for last couple of years. While
addressing the Madura Conference of the Hindu Mahasabha (22nd session) in 1940,
Savarkar admitted that his party had been aligning with Muslim groups in
different provinces in opposition to Congress. His following words only
corroborate the fact that Hindu-Muslim communalists had united against the

“At several places they [the Hindu
Mahasabhaites] succeeded in inflicting defeats on the Congress candidates and
today representatives of the Hindu Sanghatanist party form so influential
minority in the provincial legislatures and some of the local bodies as to be
able very often to hold the balance so as to influence the formation of the Moslem
Ministries themselves. In addition to that, there are two to three Hindu
Ministers in the [Muslim] Ministry itself who are pledged to the Hindu ticket.

[V. D.
Savarkar, Samagra Savarkar Wangmaya: Hindu Rashtra Darshan, vol. 6,
Maharashtra Prantik Hindusabha, Poona, 1963, p. 399.]

Openly Supported the Two-nation Theory

For a complete appraisal of his
role in advancing two-nation theory in pre-independence India, we must get
acquainted with his words and deeds while he was a freeman, guiding the Hindu
Mahasabha from 1937 to 1942. These are available under one caption, Hindu
Rashtra Darshan
, published by the Hindu Mahasabha, Maharashtra. While
delivering presidential address to 19th Hindu Mahasabha session at Ahmedabad in
1937, Savarkar unequivocally declared:

“As it is,
there are two antagonistic nations living side by side in India, several
infantile politicians commit the serious mistake in supposing that India is
already welded into a harmonious nation, or that it could be welded thus for
the mere wish to do so. These were well meaning but unthinking friends take
their dreams for realities. That is why they are impatient of communal tangles
and attribute them to communal organizations. But the solid fact is that the
so-called communal questions are but a legacy handed down to us by centuries of
cultural, religious and national antagonism between the Hindus and
Moslems…Let us bravely face unpleasant facts as they are. India cannot be
assumed today to be a unitarian and homogenous nation, but on the contrary
there are two nations in the main: the Hindus and the Moslems, in India.”

D. Savarkar, Samagra Savarkar Wangmaya: Hindu Rashtra Darshan, vol. 6,
Maharashtra Prantik Hindusabha, Poona, 1963, p. 296.]

Should Savarkar get Bharat Ratna?

Thus Savarkar long before Mohammed Ali
Jinnah’s adoption of the two-nation theory in 1940 was preaching it. Both stood
together against the Indian nationalism. Importantly, when League passed its
Pakistan resolution in Lahore (March 1940) Jinnah specifically referred to the
above words of Savarkar in defence his brand of the two-nation theory. Savarkar
was not to be left behind in this thanks giving exercise. While addressing a
press conference in Nagpur on August 15, 1943, he went to the extent of saying,

“I have no quarrel
with Mr. Jinnah’s two-nation theory. We, Hindus, are a nation by ourselves and
it is a historical fact that Hindus and Muslims are two nations”.

[Cited in Indian Annual Register, 1943, Volume 2, p. 10.]

Why Bharat Ratna for Savarkar now?

belief in two-nation theory led him also to believe that Muslim League
exclusively represented all Muslims and Hindu Mahasabha exclusively represented
all Hindus. Savarkar in the course of his presidential address to the 22nd
session of the Hindu Mahasabha at Madura thanked,

“His Excellency the Viceroy for
having deliberately and decisively recognized [sic] the position of the
Hindu Mahasabha as…the most outstanding representative Hindu body and finally
coming to the conclusion that the Moslim [sic] League represents the
Moslem interests, the Hindu Mahasabha the Hindu interest…”

[Savarkar, Samagra Savarkar Wangmaya:
Hindu Rashtra Darshan
, vol. 6, Maharashtra Prantik Hindusabha, Poona, 1963,
p. 407.]

B. R. Ambedkar, a keen observer and critic of the competitive Hindu-Muslim
communal politics in pre-independence India, was candid in his belief that,

Strange as it may appear, Mr. Savarkar and
Mr. Jinnah instead of being opposed to each other on the one nation versus two
nations issue are in complete agreement about it. Both not only agree, but
insist that there are two nations in India—one the Muslim nation and the other
Hindu nation. They differ only as regards the terms and conditions on which the
two nations must live.

[B. R.
Ambedkar, Pakistan or the Partition of India, Government of Maharashtra,
Bombay, 1990 (reprint of 1946 edition), p. 142.]

If Savarkar with such anti-national ideas
and practices to his credit can be awarded the highest national honour; BHARAT
RATNA, who can stop Mohammed Ali Jinnah from claiming the same!

Shamsul Islam

October 22, 2019

हमें गूगल न्यूज पर फॉलो करें. ट्विटर पर फॉलो करें. वाट्सएप पर संदेश पाएं. हस्तक्षेप की आर्थिक मदद करें

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