Why is Coastal Erosion The imminent danger?

What is Coastal erosion? New Delhi, July 19th: Coastal erosion is the displacement or loss of land caused due to rise in sea level, resulting in strong waves and coastal flooding. There are anthropogenic activities or natural causes that hasten the erosion of the coast. What are the Natural causes of coastal erosion? Natural causes of coastal erosion are hydraulic actions, attrition, abrasion, corrosion, and solution (acidic elements of the seawater dissolving rocks containing limestone or chalk). This affects the communities that live along the coast and depend on it for their livelihood. At the same time, the area’s biodiversity, including plant and animal lives, is seriously endangered. How many coastal districts are there in India? The Indian mainland has 9 coastal states and 2 Union Territories, having 66 coastal districts (2018). A 2018 report published by National Centre for Coastal Research (NCCR) says around 99 sq.km of land along the West Bengal coast alone was lost during 1990-2016. More than 40% of erosion is noticed in four states: West Bengal (63%); Pondicherry (57%); Kerala (45%) and Tamil Nadu (41%). The sea levels swelled by 40 cm in the past century. It is projected to rise by another 60 cm by the next century. As per the IPCC report, a rise of 1 mm per year can inundate about 0.5 m per year. In response to a question, Dr Jitendra Singh, Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Science & Technology, Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office, Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievance, informed the Lok Sabha on 6 April 2022 that about 34% of India’s 6,907.18-km long coastline was under varying degrees of erosion. “As per the 6thAssessment Report (AR6) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), relative to 1995-2014, the global mean sea level is expected to rise by 2100 is 0.28-0.55 m under the very low greenhouse emission scenario (SSP1-1.9), 0.44-0.76 m under the intermediate emission scenario (SSP2-4.5), and 0.98-1.88 under the very high emission scenario (SSP5-8.5),” the Minister…


Dr Jitendra Singh holds talks with world leaders at the UN Ocean Conference

The 5-day UN Ocean Conference hosted by the Governments of Kenya and Portugal begins Leaders from 130 countries across the world to deliberate for five days to find an international agreement on protecting the world’s oceans, seas and marine resources New Delhi, 28 Jun: Five-day UN Ocean Conference took off in Lisbon, Portugal, on Monday, with the Governments of Kenya and Portugal being the co-hosts. Leaders from over 130 countries across the world will deliberate for five days to find an international agreement on protecting the world’s oceans, seas, and marine resources. The Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science &Technology; Minister of State (Independent Charge) Earth Sciences, Minister of State PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh, who is leading the Indian delegation, had bilateral talks with several Ministers from different countries attending the meet. "It is time for a change — and we need young people to drive that change, with their passion, solutions, and action."@antonioguterres met with youth & listened to their ideas to #SaveOurOcean at UN Ocean Conference on Sunday. https://t.co/7eIlO0dVmR pic.twitter.com/z3Cvv6afkC — United Nations (@UN) June 26, 2022 In some of these meetings, the Minister was also joined by other members of the Indian delegation, says, the Ministry of Earth Science statement released on Monday. Dr Jitendra Singh will present India’s statement before the full House of the UN meet. Other members of the Indian delegation from Ministries of External Affairs, Earth Sciences and Fisheries, Animal Husbandry etc., will also be present. The Ocean Conference comes at a crucial juncture as the world is seeking to address many of the challenges requiring structural transformations and Innovative and Green solutions to achieve SDG Goal 14, which calls for conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and seas, and marine resources. I apologize to youth on behalf of my generation for not having protected the ocean. This week’s UN Ocean Conference will be key to find ways to #SaveOurOcean for the benefit of people and planet. I count on young people's strength, dynamism and action to rescue our planet. pic.twitter.com/T0vGpqa5XX — António…