plastic waste


Where does your trash go?

Plastic : one of the most common litters found on beaches New Delhi, July 28th : Litter is one of the most pervasive and fastest-growing anthropogenic alterations of the World. Coastal litter degrades the quality and health of the oceans by damaging coastal and marine habitats and harming marine life. According to, plastic is one of the most common litter found on beaches. International Coastal Cleanup (ICC) reported to have commonly found Cigarette Butts (CBs), food wrappers, plastic bottles and bottle caps, plastic bags, plastic beverage lids, straw and stirrers, and plastic and foam take-out containers in all coastlines sampled in 2017. During the 2020 global campaign to clean beaches, volunteers working in 122 countries collected 8,066,072 litter items, of which 964,521 (11%) were CBs. We all know that plastic litter is hazardous to marine life. Minuscule pieces of plastics or microplastics have been found in many sea life, including fish and drinking water, creating a poisonous food chain that eventually affects humans. It is said that earth has one big ocean with many features. An interconnected circulation system around the oceans is driven by the force of the earth’s rotation, wind, the sun, etc. The ‘global ocean conveyor belt’ carries litter from one sea to the other. Therefore, it is imperative to clean the entire coastline of all the countries to get the benefits of the cleaning activities. Non-buoyant or non-persistent litter items, such as metal, glass, paper, textile, organic litter etc., come mostly through direct litter dumping. Oil Spill Prevention, Administration and Response (OSPAR) was started in 1972 with the Oslo Convention against dumping. It was later expanded by the Paris Convention of 1974 to cover land-based sources of marine pollution and the offshore industry. It says litter composition indicates specific uses and activities such as tourist activities, fishing, and dumping. Experts define marine litter as “all anthropogenic, manufactured, or processed solid items discarded, disposed of, or abandoned in the marine environment, including all such material brought indirectly to the ocean by rivers, sewage discharge, waves, tides, currents, and winds.” Sustainable Development Goal 14 (SDG14) talks about…


India delivers on commitment to ban identified single-use plastics

New Delhi, June 30th : In today’s time, one of the foremost challenges faced by humanity is plastic pollution, which, if not dealt with, can jeopardize the actions toward a sustainable future. The major brunt of plastic pollution is borne by the environment thereby, threatening the sustenance of natural ecosystems, both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and, affecting human health. According to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) Annual Report (2019-20) on Implementation of Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, in India, the per capita plastic waste generation has almost doubled over the last five years.  GOI notified Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 The Government of India notified the Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, in place of the Plastic Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011. The new addition of Plastic Waste Management Rules focussed on reinforcing and restoring the Waste Management Rules and also played a crucial role in fulfilling the Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of the Swachh Bharat Mission. Considering the urgent need to curb the menace of plastic use, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, made an impassioned call in his address to the nation on 15th August 2019 to eliminate the use of single-use plastic. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India notified the Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules 2021 on 12th August 2021. In accordance with the amendment, India will ban the manufacture, import, stocking, distribution, sale and use of identified single-use plastic items across the country from 1st July 2022. What is single-use plastic? What are the components of single-use plastic? Single-use plastic comprises plastic items used once and discarded. It includes- shampoo, detergents and oil sachets, bottles, plastic cutleries, dustbin bags, and food packs, to name a few. The single-use plastic items that face Government’s ban include earbuds with plastic sticks, plastic sticks for balloons, plastic flags, candy sticks, ice- cream sticks, polystyrene (Thermocol) for decoration, plastic plates, cups, glasses, cutlery such as forks, spoons, knives, straw, trays, wrapping or packing films around sweet boxes, invitation cards, cigarette packets, and plastic or PVC banners less than 100 micron, stirrers. Which polythene bags are banned? Previously,…