The composition of the world population has changed dramatically in recent decades : UNITED NATIONS

International Day of Older Persons

population aged 60 or over is growing faster than all younger age groups. In
2017, there are an estimated 962 million people aged 60 or over in the world,
comprising 13 per cent of the global population.

On 14 December
1990, the United Nations General Assembly designated October 1 as the
International Day of Older Persons (resolution 45/106). This was preceded by
initiatives such as the Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing,
which was adopted by the 1982 World Assembly on Ageing and
endorsed later that year by the UN General Assembly.

In 1991, the
General Assembly adopted the United Nations Principles for Older Persons
(resolution 46/91). In 2002, the Second World Assembly on Ageing adopted the
Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing, to respond to the opportunities
and challenges of population ageing in the 21st century and to promote the
development of a society for all ages.

According to
a document of the UNITED NATIONS, The composition of the world population has
changed dramatically in recent decades. Between 1950 and 2010, life expectancy
worldwide rose from 46 to 68 years, and it is projected to increase to 81 by
the end of the century.  It should be
noted that at present, women outnumber men by an estimated 66 million among
those aged 60 years or over. Among those aged 80 years or over, women are
nearly twice as numerous as men. Among centenarians, women are between four and
five times as numerous as men. For the first time in human history, in 2050,
there will be more persons over 60 than children in the world.

Some one
billion people are now over the age of 60. Between 2017 and 2030, the number of
persons aged 60 years or over is projected to grow by 46 per cent, from 962
million to 1.4 billion, globally outnumbering youth, as well as children under
the age of 10. In 2018, for the first time in history, persons aged 65 or above
outnumbered children under 5 years of age globally. The number of persons aged
80 years or over is projected to triple, from 143 million in 2019 to 426
million in 2050.

The increase
in the number of older people will be the greatest and the most rapid in the
developing world, with Asia as the region with the largest number of older
persons, and Africa facing the largest proportionate growth.

With this in mind, enhanced attention to the particular needs and challenges faced by many older people is clearly required. Just as important, however, is the essential contribution the majority of older men and women can continue to make to the functioning of society if adequate guarantees are in place. Human rights lie at the core of all efforts in this regard.

ताजा समाचार/आलेख

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